Posted on 10 December, 2013 · Posted in Activities

The SURFLINGO Dictionary: Get to know the Bits and Pieces of your surfboard to be better prepared for your next surf camp holiday in gran canaria las palmas

Are you planning to do a surf camp holiday with us in gran canaria las palmas? This Episode of the “Big Surfing 101” will introduce you to all-important components of your surfboard you need to know for your time surfing canary islands. You will learn what your surfboard consists of, the function of every element and how the performance is contributed through them. Learn more. Surf better

Surf camp Las Palmas in Gran Canaria las palmas welcomes you to the 3 edition of our “Big Surfing 101”. Through the upcoming released editions, Surf Camp Las Palmas will teach you all the important things you have to know about the exciting sport of surfing to get ready for you next time surfing in canary islands. Setting of this week: The Surfboard Bits and Pieces.

When you´re in a surf camp holiday in gran canaria las palmas you should have some basic knowledge about the components of a surfboard. In addition to the basic shape (see next edition) of your surfboard, there are 6 characteristic playing an important role in the surf board design: Rockerline, Nose, Tail, Bottom, Rails und Fins. Let’s look at them separately in order to get you ready for surfing in canary islands. 

1.) The Rockerline

If your surfboard lies deck up in the in the sand of gran canaria las palmas then you´re able to see the bending up of the board on the tail and nose, called the rockerline. Is the curvature of the surfboard profile. The Rocker can be differentiated between nose rocker, midsection rocker, and tail kick.  They all contribute to tuning your surfboard for particular wave types. Your board has a dramatic rocker? Then you will do easier with steep drops, it facilitate tighter turns but also slow the board down and bring a sweat on you when paddling out. However, surfing in canary islands with a less rocker board gives you more speed and provides easier paddling as the board glides through the water. Having this kind of surfboard in your surf camp holiday, you will definitely do easier keeping direction, while in contrast you will lose a bit of a turning compliancy.

2.) The Nose

In contrary to the real life, in the world of surfing can decide by your own with which kind of nose you would like to walk around. Moreover, just like in real life, nose not equals nose and also here it is valid that the “nose knows” J because the shape of it will affect entry into the wave and paddling ability and therefore has a strong impact on your surfing in canary islands. 

When doing a surf camp holiday in gran canaria las palmas, and everywhere else in the world, the most common noses you will encounter are the round Malibu nose and the pointed nose of a Shortboard.(see board shapes in the next edition). Round nose boards make it easier to paddle and glide but complicate turning the surfboard and make it virtually impossible to do duck dives. However, it facilitates the starting and gives the board more stability. Pointed or narrow noses on the other hand makes the starting harder, one reason why you need good timing. Surfing in canary island with a narrow nose gives you less resistance when turning. Finally, because there is less volume, it is easier to duck dive. A very narrow nose can be extremely dangerous for other surfers in your surf camp holiday therefore it´s wise to have a so-called noseguard (see picture) to secure the sharp tip.

3.) The Tail

The surfboard tail is the back end of the surfboard. Its design significantly affects your performance during your surf camp holiday.  Generally, a wider tail catches waves easier because it lifts up with the wave, and provides a quicker plane and start. Whereas narrower tails give more control and holding power especially in steeper waves. The tails occur the most are the Square-, Squash,-Pin-, Round und Swallowtails. The two basic tail shapes you will spot when surfing in canary islands are the Square and Squashtails with are flat at the back. When looking at the tail there are two more things you might discover: The Lease and Traction pads.  The Lease is an elastic cord to keep the surfboard and the rider always together. Especially after a wipeout.It should be as long as you´re board or even a bit longer. One side of it is attached to your rear foot, whereas the other side is fixed in the Leash Plug. A Plastic inserts set into the deck of a board at the tail. Second thing that might caught your attention are so-called traction pads, sheets of polyurethane patched on the deck of the far end of a surfboard.  It gives you better grip on rear foot and helps you to feel foot position.

4.) The Bottom Contour

When someone in your surf camp holiday talks about the bottom contour, then he refers to the shape of the base of a surfboard, more precisely it is the shape of the bottom of the surfboard that influence how water travels under it. It contributes how fast you´re going with the surfboard and the ability to control and turn it. The variation in bottom shapes is almost limitless; however, three bottom contours are the most common ones: Flat, concave (single and double), Convex or “V” Bottom.

Surfing in canary islands with a flat bottom contour board will give you more turning compliancy but slow you down more easy. Being in the Atlantic Ocean in gran canaria las palmas with a V-Bottom board will help cut through chop and it equips you with a better guiding and higher tendency to slide. Overall Vee makes a surfboard easier to surf rail to rail. A concave bottom is the total opposite of a v-shaped bottom and is predestined for very fast and maneuverable rides. The concept is that concave on the bottom of a surfboard will provide lift which facilitates water flow.

5.) The Rails

Rails are the outer edges of the surfboard, where the deck and the bottom meet. Turning capacity, possibility to tube riding and the speed are mainly determined by the shape of the rails. If you happen to find big, fast and steep waves in your surf camp holiday you´re better equipped with sharp and low rails, because the harder the rail the easier it is to make quicker tighter turns. On the other hand round or soft rails, which have no defined edges should be used in gran canaria las palmas when there are slower waves. The softer the rail the more the surfboard will hold its “track” in the wave and reduce turning ability.In order to protect the surfboards rails from the pressure of the waves, a railsaver should be attached to the string of your Lease.


6.) The Fins

Surfboard fins are the engines that make sure your board moves forward. They dictate turning radius, drive and overall performance of your time surfing canary islands. Generally, it must be distinguished between glassed-in and removable fins. The majority  of surfboard are designed with removable fins, with these systems, fins can be easily swapped in and out allowing surfers to try lots of different fin combinations and use them just according actual waves on the beach of gran canaria las palmas, moreover this system makes transport more easy. Typical setups are single fin, twin fin, tri fin (thruster), quad fin, and the rarely seen five-fin setup, each of them with different characteristics.

The most ridden boards have tree fins, called a Thruster. This setup has one large middle fin, which is foiled normally and two small side fins, also called tracker-fins which are flat on the inside to increase drive and toed- in to speed up the board to turn easily. Having such a board in your surf camp holiday, you increase your direction stability and turning ability. Nowadays single fin Surfboards are only typical on classic Longboards. It should give you more stability and control, however, has a lack in performance. Twin-fin boards are said to be harder in control in large waves but offer good maneuverability in smaller conditions.


Live is a Beach, Hang loose and check out next edition “SURFING 101 Part 4” when we talk about types of boards and their shape.


Surf Camp Las Palmas, Kelly